The first Boys From Brazil: Nazi graveyard discovered deep in the Amazon rainforest

By Alan Hal

Copyright Times Online

A graveyard of former Nazis bent on creating a 'foreign Fatherland' in the Amazonian rainforests from which to spread Hitler's maniacal beliefs has been discovered in Brazil. The relics betray a madcap plan back in the 1930s to create a master race thousands of miles from Germany. The graveyard and other ruins that fanatical Nazis left behind are chronicled in a new book.

Entitled ’The Guayana-Projekt. A German Adventure on the Amazon’ it says die-hard Nazis believed they were destined to settle the world like pioneers of the wild west in America.

Discovered Nazi graveyard: Crosses mark the graves deep in the jungle

On an island on a tributary of the River Jary in Brazil author Jens Gluessing found a nine-foot high wooden cross decorated with swastikas that testified to one of the explorers who never made it back to Berlin. It carries the inscription: 'Joseph Greiner died here on 2.1.1936, a death from fever in the service of German Research Work.'

Final resting place: Brazilian natives at a Nazi grave in the Amazon. The wooden cross decorated with swastikas carries the inscription: 'Joseph Greiner died here on 2.1.1936'

It has long been known that Nazis wandered post-war into the remote regions of South America, befriended by fascist governments and military dictatorships.

The 1978 film Boys From Brazil told a of a bizarre plot to clone Hitler that was hatched by Joseph Mengele in his jungle hideout.

But the harshness of the Amazonian jungle was a strange choice of destination. Historical Nazi 'footprints' are found in grave markers with swastikas, photos found in archives back home and the remains of dwellings.

Locals call the site 'The Nazi graveyard' but it was originally destined to be part of a string of Nazi settlements across the Amazon which Hitler missionaries would use as jumping-off points to spread the gospel of totalitarianism.

In archives of the Brazilian State Department and the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro, Gluessing found details of Greiner’s jungle mission.

Greiner arrived in 1935, bankrolled by the Nazi government and died of yellow fever or Malaria. He was one of three sent out by S.S race specialists as the vanguard of what they perceived would be a wave of settlers. Greiner and his compatriots had dozens of helpers with them exploring the region bordering French Guyana with a view to populating it for the Reich. They also had their sights on the neighbouring British and Dutch colonies.

The Guayana project: Nazi's in the jungle Camp. In 1935 German researchers went on an expedition of the Brazilian jungles.

With the natives: In 1935 German researchers went on an expedition of the Brazilian jungles

They sent back to Berlin details of how a German soldiers should live in Brazil, even though their cover story was that they were collecting specimens of fauna and wildlife.

Schulz Kampfhenkel, an officer in the S.S. and leader of the expedition which claimed Greiner’s life, returned from the jungles and submitted to his boss Heinrich Himmler details of the ’Guayana Project.’

'The two largest scantly populated, but rich in resources, areas on earth are in Siberia and South America,' he wrote to Himmler. 'They alone offer spacious immigration and settlement possibilities for the Nordic peoples.'

As Siberia semed likely to fall at that time to China, he recommended colonising Amazonia for 'people without living space.' He added in typically Nazi fashion: 'For the more advanced white race it offers outstanding possibilities for exploitation.' They applied to conquer the Amazon jungle

A film was produced showing Greiner's work in the jungle in the 1930s. He believed the Nazis could colonise 'Amazonia'

As befitting an S.S. man who bought wholly into concepts of Nazi race purity he said the people who lived there 'cannot be measured in civilised terms as we known them in Germany.'

With one million German settlers in Brazil already, he argued the seedcorn was already there for the expansion of the Third Reich and that they could secure a 'bridgehead' against American influence in the region. The author found evidence, however, that Himmler had 'scant interest' in his grandiose settlement plans. A Nazi film was made of his travels – but no mention made of the Guayana Project: it remained classified by S.S. intelligence.

'Given time, the plan may be submitted again,' Himmler wrote to his jungle emissary.

But his experiences were put to use by the Nazi war machine: he became Nazi Germany’s leading expert in aerial photo-reconnaissance interpretation. After the war the Americans arrested him and he was placed in a POW camp in Salzburg, Austria. Released, he died in 1989, still dreaming of a German colony amid the rain forests.

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Nazi slaves of the haciendas: Hitler fanatics forced orphans to build new Fatherland in Amazon by Alan Hall
Copyright Mail Online

Bricks marked with swastikas on a crumbling building in Brazil have helped historians trace an astonishing plan by Adolf Hitler for a Nazi empire in South America.

Aloísio Silva, 'Number 23', with two of the bricks carved with Nazi insignias

They have also found some of the young men who were kept as slaves by German settlers and local Nazi supporters. They were known as ‘ Nummernmenschen’ – the number people – as the dehumanisation practised in the concentration camps was exported.
It had long been known that fleeing Nazis moved into remote regions of South America after the war. But the story of the slaves began years earlier.
From 1933 onwards men and boys, often from orphanages, were taken to vast farms like the hacienda Cruzeiro Do Sul 150 miles west of Sao Paulo.
It was there that pig farmer Jose Maciel found the swastika bricks after buying the land. In one of the buildings, preserved in a metal cyclinder, were documents and photos showing cattle branded with swastikas and a Nazi flag flying.
Now the last three surviving slaves have been back to see the bricks they made by hand – and point out the shallow graves where many of their friends were buried after dying through neglect and maltreatment.

AloÌsio Silva, 85, was number 23. ‘Cattle and horses had more of a family tree than I,’ he said. ‘I was a slave and a boy without a name.’ Mr Silva was nine when he was taken from an orphanage by rich landowner Oct·vio Rocha Miranda, a fanatical supporter of Hitler.
‘The great landowners saw ideal workers in us parentless boys,’ he said. ‘We were lied to, told that we would ride around on horses, that the work wasn’t hard. But we were put to backbreaking toil and paid with coins that could be spent only on the farm. It wasn’t until I was 16 that I got my first shoes. I was tortured, made to kneel on hard grains of corn for hours on end, beaten. Two large dogs guarded our barracks.’

The slave boys were employed until the mid-1940s when the authorities clamped down.
Some 2,000 German settlers moved to Brazil after SS officers posed as naturalists to scout it out, calling the area ‘ripe for exploitation.’

Everything from bricks to animals were carved with the Nazi sign, on the orders of Nazi supporter Octávio Rocha Miranda

There were similar-migrations to Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay.
Now the surviving Brazilian slaves are seeking reparations from the government which allowed their ordeal. Mr Silva said: ‘I want compensation, I want an apology. But above all, I want to find out who my mother was and put some flowers on her grave.’

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Original Newspaper Articles about Colonel Percy Fawcett, Jack Fawcett and Raleigh Rimmel, their Disappearance, Sightings and Rescue Attempts. (7 pages)

'Hartmann the Anarchist' by Percy's brother E.Douglas Fawcett

Other Links:

Colonel Fawcett Fawcett Slain by Indians

The Death of Percy Fawcett

Colonel Fawcett's Dinosaur

Benedict Allen talks about Colonel Fawcett

Colonel Percy Fawcett is Alive

 Mysteries of Ancient South America by Harold T. Wilkins

Last words from the legendary British explorer Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett - includes expedition map

Very Large Maps of Colonel Fawcett's Amazon Jungle Expeditions

English translation of Manuscript 512

Colonel Fawcett's 1925 Expedition to search for the Lost City of Z

Manhunt in the Jungle by George M. Dyott

The Lost City of Z by David Grann Book Review

Amazon explorers uncover signs of a real El Dorado


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